Integrated pest Management (IPM): use of a combination of strategies and principles to control pests in schools by eliminating potential food, water and living areas for pest.
IPM in schools involves the cooperation between school administrators, staff and pest control personnel or other specialists to use a variety of non-chemical methods as well as pesticide when needed.
- exclusion: keeping pests out
- Sanitation: limiting pest resources
- Monitor pests: recognize pests problems
- Select treatment strategy: solving the problems
- Evaluation and record keeping
- Cockroaches: German cockroach, oriental cockroaches, American cockroaches, brown-banded cockroach.
- Cereal pests: flour beetles, saw-toothed beetle
- Flies: houseflies, cluster flies
- Wasps, bees, yellowjackets
- Spiders: black widow, brown recluse
- Initial Inspection
- On-going inspection
Both types of inspection focus on Pest Vulnerable Areas (PVA) of school or facility. These are areas where all the pests basic needs come together: food, water or warmth, moisture, living space (harborage).
Pest Vulnerable Areas (PVA)
- Kitchen (including store room and dishwasher)
- teachers’ lounges
- custodian closets
- Concession or other areas with food sources
- Locker rooms
- Certain classroom situations (such as Home Economics classroom, classrooms where food and water are present and any clutter closets or other areas).
Pest management inspectors need to ask themselves the following:
- Are pests present?
- How are they getting in?
- Where are pests hiding and living?
- What factors are attracting them?
- How can pest entry, attraction and harborage be eliminated?
Inspection involves both looking for signs of pests and potential pest problems and asking questions about practices that might affect pest activity.
To perform an adequate inspection, the following tools/items are essential;
- keys to provide access to all areas of school
- A building map or someone who knows their way around the school. The map can be used to mark areas that may need follow up control or regular on-going inspection
- A powerful flashlight
- A tool belt including screw driver, spatula for crack and cervices inspection and mechanic mirror for seeing around tight corners
- Hand lens or magnifying glasses for insect identification and a vial for collecting specimens
- A hard hat and knee pads