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Colorado School IPM
Sixteen school districts, serving 58% of the students in Colorado public schools, participate in IPM.

A Sample Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Policy for Schools   arrow


It is the policy of this school district to implement Integrated Pest Management (IPM) procedures to manage structural and landscape pests and to minimize exposure of children, faculty, and staff to pesticides.


It is the policy of this school district to manage pests in the school environment. Pests such as cockroaches, fleas, ants, and stinging wasps, yellowjacket, pigeons, swallows, rodents and weeds etc. annoying and can disrupt the learning environment in schools. Pests are known to bite, sting, or transmit diseases, and may also cause allergic responses.


It is the policy of this school district to reduce unnecessary exposure to pesticides in the school environment. When pesticides are used to manage pests in schools, there is potential for human exposure. Excessive exposure may result in pesticide poisoning or allergic responses in sensitive individuals. Children are more susceptible to pesticides than adults due to their smaller size and rapid growth and development. Their behavior may expose them to more pesticide residues.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

To reduce pests and pesticide use, it is the policy of school district to employ principles of integrated pest management. Some of the major principles include,

  • Communication with the school community about pest problems, pest conducive conditions, and pest management strategies.
  • Monitoring and identification pests to verify a pest problem.
  • Prevention of pest populations using such methods as sanitation, exclusion, and cultural practices.
  • Targeted application of “least hazardous” pesticides only “as needed”. Pesticides will be applied by a certified applicator when students and staff members are not present, such as non-instruction time or school vacation periods.

IPM Coordinator

An IPM Coordinator will be appointed by the school district. The coordinator will be responsible for implementing IPM policy and plan. The coordinator responsibilities will include the following:

  • Recording all pest sighting by school staff and students
  • Recording all pesticide use
  • Meeting with PCO (pest control operator) to share information on what pest problems are present in the school.
  • Assuring the all of the PCO recommendations on maintenance and sanitation are carried out where feasible.
  • Assure that any pesticide use is done when school is not in session or the area can be completely secured against access by staff and students.
  • Evaluate the school’s IPM plan.

Pesticide Applicators

Any person applying pesticides on school grounds must be trained and knowledgeable in the principles and practices of IPM. Any use of pesticides must be approved by the school district/school IPM coordinator and applications must follow the state regulations and label precautions.

Selection of pesticides

When pesticide use is necessary, the school district must approve the pesticide for school use.


The school district takes responsibility to notify students’ parents or guardians and the school staff of upcoming treatments which will involve pesticides. It will indicate that pesticides may be used both indoors and outdoors as needed. The school will provide notification of pending pesticide use to persons requesting the information. Notices will be posted in designated areas at school and sent home with students.

Pesticide purchase and storage

Pesticide purchase will be limited to the amount authorized for use during the year. Pesticides will be stored and disposed of in accordance with EPA registered label directions and State or Local regulations. Pesticides stored in an appropriate, secure site not accessible to students or unauthorized personnel. A cabinet in a non-student area with a locked and labeled door is advised. The door label should include a skull and crossbones.

Record Keeping

Records of pesticide use will be maintained on site for two years. Records will be completed on the day of pesticide use. In addition, pest monitor records will be maintained to help verify the need for pesticide treatments.


Staff, students, pest managers, parents and public will be informed about potential school pest problems, the IPM policies and procedures and their respective roles in achieving the desired pest management objectives.